Electric vehicles and charging infrastructure – an overview
Setting the scene on electric mobility
Climate change is a serious matter. In Europe alone, the automotive industry is responsible for 27% of the emissions that cause climate change. But how ‘green’ are electric vehicles? What is, for instance, the environmental impact of the production of batteries that are used for electric vehicles? Electric vehicles may not have exhaust pipes, but to produce electric vehicles, we need refinery plants, raw materials, components, assembly and distribution.
By analysing the Life Cycle Assessment, we can visualise the total impact on the environment, from raw materials to waste recycling. What are the total emissions for the full supply chain of electricity generation? But even then, the electric vehicle proves to be greener than a conventional vehicle.
To fight climate change, electric mobility is definitely the future. In surveys, the purchase costs, limited driving range and charging infrastructure seem have been named as barriers for switching to an electric vehicle. However, things are changing. Driving range has improved drastically. By 2030, we can achieve a driving range of 800 kilometres, thanks to the improvement of batteries. Also, batteries have rapidly become cheaper.
So how about charging infrastructure? Research data show that we are not using the existing charging infrastructure optimally. An intelligent roll-out of data is necessary, but the research of Vehicle-to-Grid looks promising: charge at work, using the company’s electricity from renewable energy sources, drive home and discharge at home, using electricity provided by your vehicle. This is what the future of charging might actually look like.
Vehicles cross borders, so there is also a need to look beyond national borders: for international standards, solutions, cybersecurity and a European charging infrastructure network.
From the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) arrangements to SDE+
In the Netherlands, there are numerous opportunities to attract financial support for pilots and research in the electric transport field. The most well-known is the ECN/TNO TKI Allowance. You will find an overview below:
<card from Yvonne’s presentation>
Urban Energy Schemes:
TKI Urban Energy:
Ongoing and completed projects:
Click here for an impression
The annual Applied Research on Charging Infrastructure symposium took place on 9 February 2018 at the Delft University of Technology. It was attended by 150 visitors from government bodies, market parties and research institutes, who shared knowledge and insights.