The growth of electric transport has an impact on the entire mobile infrastructure of cities. We must not only take into account the rise of electric passenger transport, but also of buses and trucks. What is the most effective way for municipalities to roll out charging infrastructure? And what does the rise of electric transport mean for urban logistics?
This report identifies obstacles to the development of smart charging of electric vehicles and it provides an overview of ways to eliminate bottlenecks. It’s an instrument market and policy makers can use to put specific ideas into practice, to accelerate the development of smart charging.
Over recent years, numbers of electric vehicles (EVs) have shown a strong growth and sales are projected to continue to grow. For facilitating charging possibilities for EVs typically two rollout strategies have been applied; demand-driven and strategic rollout. This study focuses on determining the differences in performance metrics of the two rollout strategies by first defining key performance metrics.Link to the research
This study is the first to systematically and quantitatively explore the factors that determine the length of charging sessions at public charging stations for electric vehicles in urban areas, with particular emphasis placed on the combined parking- and charging-related determinants of connection times.Elsevier
This report identifies obstacles to the development of smart charging of electric vehicles and it provides an overview of ways to eliminate bottlenecks. It’s an instrument market and policy makers can use to put specific ideas into practice, to accelerate the development of smart charging.PWC Smart Charging van elektrische voertuigen, institutionele knelpunten en mogelijke oplossingen (Research in Dutch)
The aim of this project is finding a more sustainable and cheaper way to charge an EV. Software was developed that is able to pool electricity demand of EVs and can activate flexible load in case of grid emergency or at times of high electricity demand.Topsector Energie Smart charging TSE Urban Energy (in Dutch)
Regional smart grid at the High Tech Campus Eindhoven (business area) with EVs and charging points. HTC contains an open smart charging protocol, with a 24 hours forecast of available cable capacity.Topsector Energie HTC: the world’s smartest grid (in Dutch)
A framework designed for trading flexibility of electrical equipment by an electricity generator. Electricity stored by EVs is essential to this framework.Topsector Energie Universal smart energy framework (USEF) (in Dutch)
A stress test proves the necessity of smart charging solutions. Demand and supply of electricity for charging EVs is managed by PowerMatcher. EV drivers feed their preferences (like start and end charging time) into an app. Charging capacity is then spread over available charging time.Topsector Energie Intelligent Net in duurzaam Lochem (in Dutch)
Electricity generated from solar panels for individual house holds is being stored by an electric vehicle. This way, EVs are being used to charge and decharge, avoiding an overload on the electricity grid.Topsector Energie Smart Grid V2X
Electric vehicles can improve the quality of life in metropolitan areas, and flexible charging can support the transition to solar and wind energy. Charging needs to be planned in periods with a lot of sun and wind, when electricity prices are low. Furthermore, batteries need to be sufficiently charged within a short amount of time. However, exactly how much energy can be generated using sun and wind depends on the weather, and the level of charging flexibility depends on the drivers. Recently-developed planning algorithms can accommodate these kinds of uncertainties.Amsterdam Institute for advanced metropolitan solutions
Electric car sharing provides plenty of benefits for the urban area.The increasing number of free floating electric car sharing (FFECS), shared vehicles that can be picked up and left everywhere in the city borders, results in a new group with their own charging behaviour. This research focussed on a FFECS system in Amsterdam. Based on over 1,5 million observations, parking patterns and charging patterns were mapped.Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences Charging free floating shared cars in metropolitan areas
An overview of 18 Vehicle-to-Grid projects, by the department of Urban Technology at the Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences. All projects were executed in collaboration with various research partners.Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences V2G Repository: 18 European V2G projects
Market parties, government and research institutes collaborated in developing charging infrastructure guidelines. Data were used from the cities of The Hague, Amsterdam and urban areas in the Gelderland province.NKL – Netherlands Knowledge Platform for Charging Infrastructure Charging infrastructure Guidelines (In Dutch – Kencijfers Laadinfrastructuur EV)